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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 581531, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Comparison of the Minimental State Examination Scale and the International HIV Dementia Scale in Assessing Cognitive Function in Nigerian HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy

1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Nigeria
2Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Nigeria
3College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos State, Idi-Araba, Nigeria

Received 12 January 2012; Revised 24 August 2012; Accepted 26 August 2012

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ippolito

Copyright © 2012 O. Olajumoke Oshinaike et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) remains common despite the availability of antiretroviral therapy. Routine screening will improve early detections. Objective. To compare the performance of the minimental state examination (MMSE) and international HIV dementia scale (IHDS) in assessing neurocognitive function in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy. Methods. A case-control study of 208 HIV-positive and 121 HIV-negative individuals. Baseline demographic data were documented and cognitive function assessed using the two instruments. CD4 cell counts were recorded. Results. Cases comprised 137 females and 71 males. Controls were 86 females and 35 males. Mean MMSE score of cases was compared to in controls ( ). Mean IHDS score in cases was compared to in controls ( ). Using the MMSE scale, 6 cases but no controls had HAND ( ). Using the IHDS, 113 (54.3%) had HAND compared with 10 (8.3%) controls ( ). Using IHDS, 56.5% cases with CD4 count > 200 had HAND compared with 92.5% with CD4 count < 200 ( ). Conclusion. These findings indicate that the IHDS detects higher rates of HAND and may identify HIV/AIDS patients who require further cognitive assessment using more robust assessment batteries.