AIDS Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Determinants of Tuberculosis Infection among Adult HIV Positives Attending Clinical Care in Western Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study

Table 1

Sociodemographic factors associated with TB infection among HIV-positive adults in Nekemte town public health facilities, western Ethiopia, 2012.

Sociodemographic variablesCases ( )Controls ( ) value
(%) (%)COR

Sex
 Male58 (48.7)107 (45)1.16 (0.74, 1.80)0.49
 Female61 (51.3)131 (55)1.00
Age
 15–35 years62 (52.1)140 (58.8)1.00
35 years57 (47.9)98 (41.2)1.31 (0.84, 2.04)0.22
Educational status
 No formal education49 (41.2)57 (23.9)4.55 (2.09, 9.90)0.000*
 Primary education40 (33.6)63 (26.5)3.34 (1.48, 5.24)0.001*
 Secondary education20 (16.8)65 (27.3)1.35 (0.78, 2.34)0.28
 Tertiary education10 (8.4)53 (22.3)1.00
Marital status
 Single21 (17.6)73 (30.7)1.00
 Married54 (45.4)109 (45.8)1.70 (0.95, 2.64)0.78
 Divorced/widowed44 (37)56 (23.5)2.73 (1.49, 5.34)0.002*
Employment status
 Employed42 (35.3)113 (43.4)1.00
 Unemployed77 (64.7)125 (52.5)1.65 (1.05, 2.61)0.02*
Monthly income
650 ETB**61 (51.3)116 (48.7)1.10 (0.71, 1.71)0.65
 ≥650 ETB58 (48.7)122 (51.3)1.00
Residence
 Urban111 (93.3)218 (91.6)1.27 (0.54, 2.98)0.57
 Rural8 (6.7)20 (8.4)1.00

Statistically significant.
**1 USD = 18.5 ETB in 2012.

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