AIDS Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Determinants of Tuberculosis Infection among Adult HIV Positives Attending Clinical Care in Western Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study

Table 3

Host factors associated with TB infection among HIV-positive adults in Nekemte town public health facilities, western Ethiopia, 2012.

Host variablesCases ( )Controls ( ) value
(%) (%)COR

Smoking
 Never93 (78.21)92 (80.7)1.00
 Past19 (16)29 (12.2)1.35 (0.69, 2.65)0.34
 Current7 (5.9)17 (7.1)0.85 (0.31, 2.27)0.72
Asthma
 Yes13 (10.9)21 (8.8)1.26 (0.61, 2.62)0.52
 No106 (89.1)217 (91.2)1.00
Diabetic mellitus
 Yes16 (13.4)10 (4.2)3.54 (1.55, 8.07)0.002*
 No103 (86.6)228 (95.8)1.00
Taking ART
 Yes77 (64.7)146 (61.3)1.15 (0.73, 1.82)0.53
 No42 (35.3)92 (38.7)1.00
Taking IPT
 Yes46 (38.7)114 (59.2)1.00
 No73 (61.3)124 (40.8)1.40 (0.93, 2.28)0.09
Previous history of TB
 Yes32 (26.9)46 (19.3)1.53 (0.91, 2.57)0.10
 No87 (73.1)192 (80.7)1.00
Presence of TB (family)
 Yes36 (30.3)57 (23.9)1.37 (0.84, 2.25)0.20
 No83 (69.7)181 (76.1)1.00
History of pneumonia
 Yes17 (14.3)14 (5.9)2.60 (1.26, 5.61)0.01*
 No102 (85.7)224 (94.1)1.00
History of RTI
 Yes20 (16.8)38 (16)1.06 (0.58, 1.92)0.83
 No99 (83.2)200 (84)1.00

Statistically significant.

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