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Advances in Tribology
Volume 2011, Article ID 746270, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/746270
Review Article

Friction Induced Wear of Rapid Prototyping Generated Materials: A Review

Laboratory for Machine Tools and Manufacturing Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Aristoteles University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece

Received 30 June 2011; Accepted 12 July 2011

Academic Editor: Nikolaos Michailidis

Copyright © 2011 A. Tsouknidas. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Additive manufacturing has been introduced in the early 80s and has gained importance as a manufacturing process ever since. Even though the inception of the implicated processes predominantly focused on prototyping purposes, during the last years rapid prototyping (RP) has emerged as a key enabling technology for the fabrication of highly customized, functionally gradient materials. This paper reviews friction-related wear phenomena and the corresponding deterioration mechanisms of RP-generated components as well as the potential of improving the implicated materials' wear resistance without significantly altering the process itself. The paper briefly introduces the concept of RP technologies and the implicated materials, as a premises to the process-dependent wear progression of the generated components for various degeneration scenarios (dry sliding, fretting, etc.).