Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Tribology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 929642, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/929642
Research Article

Transfer Layers: A Comparison across SWNTs, DWNTs, Graphite, and an Ionic Fluid

1Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering and The EMS Energy Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2The Tribology and Mechanical Components Branch, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA

Received 5 September 2010; Accepted 7 March 2011

Academic Editor: Arvind Agarwal

Copyright © 2011 Randy L. Vander Wal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. A. Voevodin and J. S. Zabinski, “Nanocomposite and nanostructured tribological materials for space applications,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 741–748, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Suzuki, Y. Shinka, and M. Masuko, “Tribological characteristics of imidazolium-based room temperature ionic liquids under high vacuum,” Tribology Letters, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 307–313, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Miyoshi, Solid Lubrication Fundamentals and Applications, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 2001.
  4. K. Holmberg, A. Matthews, and H. Ronkainen, “Coatings tribology—contact mechanisms and surface design,” Tribology International, vol. 31, no. 1–3, pp. 107–120, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Joly-Pottuz, F. Dassenoy, M. Belin, B. Vacher, J. M. Martin, and N. Fleischer, “Ultralow-friction and wear properties of IF-WS under boundary lubrication,” Tribology Letters, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 477–485, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. O. Winer, “Molybdenum disulfide as a lubricant: a review of the fundamental knowledge,” Wear, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 422–452, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Hauert, “An overview on the tribological behavior of diamond-like carbon in technical and medical applications,” Tribology International, vol. 37, no. 11-12, pp. 991–1003, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. Bhushan and B. K. Gupta, Handbook of Tribology, Materials, Coatings, and Surface Treatments, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1991.
  9. W. Liu, C. Ye, Q. Gong, H. Wang, and P. Wang, “Tribological performance of room-temperature ionic liquids as lubricant,” Tribology Letters, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 81–85, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Wang, Q. Lu, C. Ye, W. Liu, and Z. Cui, “Friction and wear behaviors of ionic liquid of alkylimidazolium hexafluorophosphates as lubricants for steel/steel contact,” Wear, vol. 256, no. 1-2, pp. 44–48, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. W. Street Jr., W. Morales, and V. R. Koch, “Evaluation of vapor pressure and ultra-high vacuum tribological properties of ionic liquids,” in Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, May 2007.
  12. K. W. Street Jr., W. Morales, R. M. Richard, and V. R. Koch, “Evaluation of vapor pressure and ultra-high vacuum tribological properties of ionic liquids (2) mixtures and additives,” in Proceedings of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, Miami, Fla, USA, October 2008.
  13. K. W. Street Jr., K. Miyoshi, and R. L. Vander Wal, “Application of carbon based nano-particles to aeronautics and space lubrication,” in Superlubricity, J.-M. Martin and A. Erdemir, Eds., chapter 19, pp. 311–340, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Miyoshi, K. W. Street, R. L. Vander Wal, R. Andrews, and A. Sayir, “Solid lubrication by multiwalled carbon nanotubes in air and in vacuum,” Tribology Letters, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 191–201, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Ni and S. B. Sinnott, “Tribological properties of carbon nanotube bundles predicted from atomistic simulations,” Surface Science, vol. 487, no. 1–3, pp. 87–96, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. L. Vander Wal, K. Miyoshi, K. W. Street et al., “Friction properties of surface-fluorinated carbon nanotubes,” Wear of Materials, vol. 259, pp. 738–743, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  17. C. S. Chen, X. H. Chen, L. S. Xu, Z. Yang, and W. H. Li, “Modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with fatty acid and their tribological properties as lubricant additive,” Carbon, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1660–1666, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. W. X. Chen, F. Li, G. Han et al., “Tribological behavior of carbon-nanotube-filled PTFE composites,” Tribology Letters, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 275–278, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. S. Zoo, J. W. An, D. P. Lim, and D. S. Lim, “Effect of carbon nanotube addition on tribological behavior of UHMWPE,” Tribology Letters, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 305–310, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. P. Tu, Y. Z. Yang, L. Y. Wang, X. C. Ma, and X. B. Zhang, “Tribological properties of carbon-nanotube-reinforced copper composites,” Tribology Letters, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 225–228, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. S. Lim, J. W. An, and H. J. Lee, “Effect of carbon nanotube addition on the tribological behavior of carbon/carbon composites,” Wear, vol. 252, no. 5-6, pp. 512–517, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. W. Street, M. Marchetti, R. L. Vander Wal, and A. J. Tomasek, “Evaluation of the tribological behavior of nano-onions in Krytox 143AB,” Tribology Letters, vol. 16, no. 1-2, pp. 143–150, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Miyoshi, J. H. Sanders, C. H. Hager et al., “Wear behavior of low-cost, lightweight TiC/Ti-6Al-4V composite under fretting: effectiveness of solid-film lubricant counterparts,” Tribology International, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 24–33, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. J. Harris, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Meng, “Tribology of metal-containing diamond-like carbon coatings,” Wear, vol. 211, no. 2, pp. 208–217, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. Heilmann, J. Don, T. C. Sun, D. A. Rigney, and W. A. Glaeser, “Sliding wear and transfer,” Wear, vol. 91, pp. 171–190, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. A. Williams, J. H. Morris, and A. Ball, “The effect of transfer layers on the surface contact and wear of carbon-graphite materials,” Tribology International, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 663–676, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Erdemir, “Genesis of superlow friction and wear in diamondlike carbon films,” Tribology International, vol. 37, no. 11-12, pp. 1005–1012, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Langlade, S. Fayeulle, and R. Olier, “New insights into adhesion and lubricating properties of graphite-based transfer films,” Wear, vol. 172, no. 1, pp. 85–92, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Z. Mu, F. Zhou, S. Zhang, Y. Liang, and W. Liu, “Effect of the functional groups in ionic liquid molecules on the friction and wear behavior of aluminum alloy in lubricated aluminum-on-steel contact,” Tribology International, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 725–731, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Q. Lu, H. Wang, C. Ye, W. Liu, and Q. Xue, “Room temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-hexylimidazolium- bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)-imide as lubricant for steel-steel contact,” Tribology International, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 547–552, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Park and R. S. Ruoff, “Chemical methods for the production of graphenes,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 217–224, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  32. V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz et al., “Individually suspended single-walled carbon nanotubes in various surfactants,” Nano Letters, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1379–1382, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Iglesias, M. D. Bermudex, F. J. Carrion, and G. Martinez-Nicolas, “Friction and wear of aluminum-steel contacts lubricated with ordered fluids-neutral and ionic liquid crystals as oil additives,” Wear, vol. 256, pp. 386–392, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  34. M. Hasegawa and K. Nishidate, “Radial deformation and stability of single-wall carbon nanotubes under hydrostatic pressure,” Physical Review B, vol. 74, no. 11, Article ID 115401, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. A. Pantano, D. M. Parks, and M. C. Boyce, “Mechanics of deformation of single- and multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 789–821, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. Xiao and K. Liao, “Nonlinear elastic properties of carbon nanotubes subjected to large axial deformations,” Physical Review B, vol. 66, no. 15, Article ID 153407, pp. 1–4, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. Kamimura, T. Kubo, I. Minami, and S. Mori, “Effect and mechanism of additives for ionic liquids as new lubricants,” Tribology International, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 620–625, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus