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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 736798, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/736798
Research Article

Computational Evidence of NAGNAG Alternative Splicing in Human Large Intergenic Noncoding RNA

1Agricultural Big-Data Research Center, College of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China
2Biomedical Informatics Research Center, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA
3Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 42 Wenhua West Road, Jinan, Shandong 250011, China

Received 4 February 2014; Revised 8 May 2014; Accepted 21 May 2014; Published 5 June 2014

Academic Editor: Shiwei Duan

Copyright © 2014 Xiaoyong Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

NAGNAG alternative splicing plays an essential role in biological processes and represents a highly adaptable system for posttranslational regulation of gene function. NAGNAG alternative splicing impacts a myriad of biological processes. Previous studies of NAGNAG largely focused on messenger RNA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study testing the hypothesis that NAGNAG alternative splicing is also operative in large intergenic noncoding RNA (lincRNA). The RNA-seq data sets from recent deep sequencing studies were queried to test our hypothesis. NAGNAG alternative splicing of human lincRNA was identified while querying two independent RNA-seq data sets. Within these datasets, 31 NAGNAG alternative splicing sites were identified in lincRNA. Notably, most exons of lincRNA containing NAGNAG acceptors were longer than those from protein-coding genes. Furthermore, presence of CAG coding appeared to participate in the splice site selection. Finally, expression of the isoforms of NAGNAG lincRNA exhibited tissue specificity. Together, this study improves our understanding of the NAGNAG alternative splicing in lincRNA.