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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 576532, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/576532
Research Article

Collagen/Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate Based Synthetic Bone Grafts via Dehydrothermal Processing

1Institute of Science, Bioengineering Division, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara, Turkey
2Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Genetics and Bioengineering Department, Kastamonu University, 37150 Kastamonu, Turkey
3BMT Calsis Health Technologies Co., 06980 Ankara, Turkey
4Environmental Engineering Department & Bioengineering Division and Centre for Bioengineering, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara, Turkey

Received 28 April 2015; Revised 10 August 2015; Accepted 13 August 2015

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Cama

Copyright © 2015 Burcu Sarikaya and Halil Murat Aydin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Millions of patients worldwide remain inadequately treated for bone defects related to factors such as disease or trauma. The drawbacks of metallic implant and autograft/allograft use have steered therapeutic approaches towards tissue engineering solutions involving tissue regeneration scaffolds. This study proposes a composite scaffold with properties tailored to address the macro- and microenvironmental conditions deemed necessary for successful regeneration of bone in defect areas. The biodegradable scaffold composed of porous beta-tricalcium phosphate particles and collagen type I fibers is prepared from a mixture of collagen type-I and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) particles via lyophilization, followed by dehydrothermal (DHT) processing. The effects of both sterilization via gamma radiation and the use of DHT processing to achieve cross-linking were investigated. The impact of the chosen fabrication methods on scaffold microstructure and β-TCP particle-collagen fiber combinations were analyzed using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and microcomputerized tomography (µ-CT). Electron spinning resonance (ESR) analysis was used to investigate free radicals formation following sterilization. Results revealed that the highly porous (65% porosity at an average of 100 µm pore size), mechanically adequate, and biocompatible scaffolds can be utilized for bone defect repairs.