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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 751646, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/751646
Research Article

Improving Classification of Protein Interaction Articles Using Context Similarity-Based Feature Selection

School of Technology, Nanjing Audit University, 86 W. Yushan Road, Nanjing 211815, China

Received 20 October 2014; Revised 13 December 2014; Accepted 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Fang-Xiang Wu

Copyright © 2015 Yifei Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Protein interaction article classification is a text classification task in the biological domain to determine which articles describe protein-protein interactions. Since the feature space in text classification is high-dimensional, feature selection is widely used for reducing the dimensionality of features to speed up computation without sacrificing classification performance. Many existing feature selection methods are based on the statistical measure of document frequency and term frequency. One potential drawback of these methods is that they treat features separately. Hence, first we design a similarity measure between the context information to take word cooccurrences and phrase chunks around the features into account. Then we introduce the similarity of context information to the importance measure of the features to substitute the document and term frequency. Hence we propose new context similarity-based feature selection methods. Their performance is evaluated on two protein interaction article collections and compared against the frequency-based methods. The experimental results reveal that the context similarity-based methods perform better in terms of the measure and the dimension reduction rate. Benefiting from the context information surrounding the features, the proposed methods can select distinctive features effectively for protein interaction article classification.