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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 5071786, 21 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5071786
Review Article

Modulating Neuroinflammation to Treat Neuropsychiatric Disorders

1Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute and School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff CF24 4HQ, UK
2MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Cardiff University, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff CF24 4HQ, UK

Correspondence should be addressed to Yasir A. Syed; ku.ca.ffidrac@ydeys

Received 16 June 2017; Accepted 13 September 2017; Published 18 October 2017

Academic Editor: Daniele Tomassoni

Copyright © 2017 Franziska A. Radtke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Neuroinflammation is recognised as one of the potential mechanisms mediating the onset of a broad range of psychiatric disorders and may contribute to nonresponsiveness to current therapies. Both preclinical and clinical studies have indicated that aberrant inflammatory responses can result in altered behavioral responses and cognitive deficits. In this review, we discuss the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders and ask the question if certain genetic copy-number variants (CNVs) associated with psychiatric disorders might play a role in modulating inflammation. Furthermore, we detail some of the potential treatment strategies for psychiatric disorders that may operate by altering inflammatory responses.