Table 1: Changes of salivary function and components in patients with rheumatic diseases. IL: interleukin.

DiseaseSalivary changeEffect

Sjögren’s syndromeSalivary flow↓[16]

Systemic lupus erythematosusGlutathione↓[18]
Malondialdehyde↑[18]
Uric acid↑[18]
IL-1β↑[19]
IL-4↑[19]
Salivary flow↓[20]
pH↓[20]