BioMed Research International

Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria


Publishing date
05 Dec 2014
Status
Published
Submission deadline
18 Jul 2014

1Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CSIR), Hyderabad 500007, India

2Department of Biotechnology, Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Siliguri, West Bengal 734013, India

3IGB-Neuglobsow, Department Limnology of Stratified Lakes, Alte Fischerhuette 2, 16775 Stechlin, Germany

4Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India

5CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007, India


Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria

Description

Bacterial strains immune to the inhibitory effect of antibiotics pose a global challenge to the prospect of chemotherapy. Occurrence of resistance against all the therapeutically useful antibiotics has been evidenced so far both in pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria. The ability of bacteria to transfer resistance genes to antibiotic-sensitive bacteria using various mechanisms has exacerbated the problem. It is apprehended by some investigators that resistance genes are circulating in the environment through food materials. Imprudent use of antibiotics has, no doubt, contributed to the complexity of the problem. Increase in the frequency of resistance to certain antibiotics has been found to be correlated with increase in their use. However, antibiotic resistance is an outcome of evolution and exposure to antibiotics is not a prerequisite for the emergence of resistance in bacteria. Resistance genes are detected even in bacteria (or in bacterial DNA) obtained from places detached from the human civilization for thousands of years. Recent evidences indicate that both antibiotic biosynthetic genes and resistance conferring genes evolved millions of years ago while antibiotics were introduced into the clinical practice only in the middle of the last century. Hence, both antibiotic biosynthesis and antibiotic resistance must have some evolutionary implication, which is escaping our attention because of our overemphasis on the impact of antibiotic resistance on therapeutics. Discussion on the various aspects of antibiotic resistance promises insight into the intricacies of the cellular machinery of bacteria and also some clues to the solution.

We would like to invite researchers to submit original research articles and reviews on antibiotic resistance of bacteria. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Epidemiology of resistance
  • Biochemical and genetic basis of resistance
  • Dissemination of resistance genes by various means
  • Role of antibiotics used as feed additives in emergence of resistant strains
  • Antibiotic resistance in antibiotic-producer and nonproducer bacteria
  • Role of antibiotic resistance in nature
  • Remedial measures
  • Molecular basis of antibiotic stress resistance acquisition vis-a-vis transfer of resistance genes
  • Role of diagnostics and novel therapeutic approaches to curb the menace of antibiotic resistance transfer
  • Evolutionary basis of antibiotic resistance
  • Evaluation of possible targets to inhibit antibiotic resistance transfer mechanisms

Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal’s Author Guidelines, which are located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/guidelines/. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/submit/journals/bmri/microbiology/arb/ according to the following timetable:


Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2015
  • - Article ID 547547
  • - Research Article

Occurrence of Multidrug Resistant Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Bacteria on Iceberg Lettuce Retailed for Human Consumption

Natasha Bhutani | Chithra Muraleedharan | ... | Satish K. Walia
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2015
  • - Article ID 141475
  • - Research Article

Population Structure and Oxacillin Resistance of Staphylococcus aureus from Pigs and Pork Meat in South-West of Poland

Paweł Krupa | Jarosław Bystroń | ... | Jacek Bania
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2015
  • - Article ID 265042
  • - Research Article

Diffusion and Persistence of Multidrug Resistant Salmonella Typhimurium Strains Phage Type DT120 in Southern Italy

Danila De Vito | Rosa Monno | ... | Carlo Pazzani
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 375681
  • - Review Article

Emerging Rapid Resistance Testing Methods for Clinical Microbiology Laboratories and Their Potential Impact on Patient Management

Hagen Frickmann | Wycliffe Omurwa Masanta | Andreas E. Zautner
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 746859
  • - Research Article

Molecular Identification and Quantification of Tetracycline and Erythromycin Resistance Genes in Spanish and Italian Retail Cheeses

Ana Belén Flórez | Ángel Alegría | ... | Baltasar Mayo
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 427254
  • - Research Article

Differences in Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Escherichia coli Virulence Factor Genes in the Baltic Sea Region

Jana Lillo | Kristiine Pai | ... | Epp Sepp
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 395434
  • - Research Article

Implementation of a Computerized Decision Support System to Improve the Appropriateness of Antibiotic Therapy Using Local Microbiologic Data

Manuel Rodriguez-Maresca | Antonio Sorlozano | ... | Jose Gutierrez-Fernandez
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 182945
  • - Research Article

Antibacterial Activity of Pseudonocardia sp. JB05, a Rare Salty Soil Actinomycete against Staphylococcus aureus

Nesa Jafari | Reza Behroozi | ... | Kambiz Akbari-Noghabi
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 757941
  • - Research Article

Helicobacter pylori in Vegetables and Salads: Genotyping and Antimicrobial Resistance Properties

Emad Yahaghi | Faham Khamesipour | ... | Maryam Khayyat Khameneie
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 874610
  • - Review Article

Alpha-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone: An Emerging Anti-Inflammatory Antimicrobial Peptide

Madhuri Singh | Kasturi Mukhopadhyay
BioMed Research International
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Acceptance rate8%
Submission to final decision128 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore5.300
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