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Child Development Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 684157, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/684157
Research Article

What They Want and What They Get: Self-Reported Motives, Perceived Competence, and Relatedness in Adolescent Leisure Activities

1Department of Health Promotion and Development, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7807, 5020 Bergen, Norway
2Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway

Received 6 December 2011; Revised 13 April 2012; Accepted 25 April 2012

Academic Editor: Cheryl Dissanayake

Copyright © 2012 Ingrid Leversen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study explored the extent to which adolescents’ motives for leisure activity participation are related to their perceptions of competence and relatedness in different kinds of activities and aimed to provide new insight into boys’ and girls’ leisure experiences and their motivational orientations for activity participation. These proposed associations were based on previous empirical work and the theoretical frameworks of motive disposition approach and were tested in a nationally representative sample of Norwegian adolescents ( ) aged 15 and 16 years (51.8% boys) from the World Health Organization’s cross-sectional survey, Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children 2005/06. The findings in the current study supported the hypothesis regarding matched correlations between specific motives and specific outcomes in that the adolescents seem to get (perceived competence and relatedness) what they want (competence and social motives) within leisure activities. Furthermore, the analysis using structural equation modeling indicated different motivational orientations in types of leisure activity participation between girls and boys, although the mediating effects of leisure activity participation in different types of activities were not significant.