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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2008, Article ID 474618, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/474618
Clinical Study

Personality Characteristics Determine Health-Related Quality of Life as an Outcome Indicator of Geriatric Inpatient Rehabilitation

1Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Region, 0405 Oslo, Norway
2Bethesda Clinic, Geriatric Rehabilitation Hospital, Neubrandenburg, Germany

Received 15 April 2008; Accepted 31 July 2008

Academic Editor: Dominique Lorrain

Copyright © 2008 Jörg Richter et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between personality and quality of life during the course of geriatric rehabilitation, against the background of Cloninger's biosocial theory of personality. Methods. All consecutive patients of a geriatric rehabilitation clinic during one year were evaluated at admission and discharge ( N = 6 8 7 ) by means of the ‘‘Vienna List’’ (a newly developed questionnaire for the assessment of quality of life in patients with severe dementia), and two variants of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Results. Self-directedness showed the most general and highest impact on quality of life and successful rehabilitation. Conclusions. It is probable in old and very old individuals who are on their highest level of maturity that the character represents the most important regulatory system in the encounter with challenges of daily life, which necessitates rehabilitation.