Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Bioactivity Evaluation of Plant Extracts Used in Indigenous Medicine against the Snail, Biomphalaria glabrata, and the Larvae of Aedes aegypti

Table 1

Chemical composition and pharmacological activities of the plants used by the Pankararés, Bahia, northeast Brazil, as repellents or anthelmintics.

Popular nameFamily/SpeciesPart usedBiological activityIsolated substancesReferences

Pinhão brancoBeuphorbiaceae/
Jatropha mollissima (Pohl) Baill.
Leaves, stem bark, and rootsAntioxidant * [20]

Jurema pretaBfabaceae/
Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir.
Leaves, stem bark, and roots * Kukulkanins A and B[21]

Velameeuphorbiaceae/
Croton moritibensis Baill.
Leaves and aerial parts * 12-hydroxy-13-methyl-1,8,11,13-podocarpatetraen-3-one, 2-ethoxycarbonyltetrahydroharman and hydroxy-2-methyltetrahydroharman[22]

VassourinhaBplantaginaceae/
Scoparia dulcis L.
Aerial partsAntidiabetic, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antiulcer, antileishmania, and anti-hyperlipidemicScoparic acid D[2332]
PitóAsterculiaceae/
Helicteres velutina K. Schum.
Aerial partsCytotoxic against various cancer lineages**Cucurbitacins D and J**[33]
MastruzBchenopodiaceae/
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Aerial partsInhibitor of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (toxicity), antiparasitic, antihyperperistalsis, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antischistosomiasis, antituberculosis, larvicidal, antitumor, and antifungalCaryophyllene oxide[3444].
CatingueiraA,Bfabaceae/
Poincianella pyramidalis (Tul.) L.P. Queiroz
Leaves, stem bark and rootsAntimicrobial, antioxidant and antifungal4,4′-dihydroxy-2′-methoxy-chalcone[4548].
SambacaitáBlamiacae/
Hyptis pectinata L.
Aerial partsAntimicrobial, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antibacterial, and antifungalCalamusenone-antimicrobial[4954].

* No studies were found in the literature; **activity has been described for another species of the same genus; Alarvicidal activity; Bmolluscicidal activity.

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