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Education Research International
Volume 2011, Article ID 381429, 7 pages
Research Article

Exploring the Effects of Hope on GPA and Retention among College Undergraduate Students on Academic Probation

Department of Counseling, Research, Special Education, and Rehabilitation, Hofstra University, 160 Hagedorn Hall, Hempstead, NY 11550, USA

Received 15 September 2010; Revised 25 January 2011; Accepted 18 March 2011

Academic Editor: Eric Z. F. Liu

Copyright © 2011 Holly Seirup and Sage Rose. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study analyzed the impact of hope on the academic achievement and retention of 235 students on academic probation at a private Northeastern university. Probationary students were enrolled in a mandatory online course designed to facilitate academic and nonacademic skills, to improve student GPAs and overall retention. The Hope Scale (Snyder et al. (1991)) was administered to identify whether students with greater levels of hope would experience an increase in academic success upon completion of the course. Students were broken down into groups of high, medium, and low hope based on their scores on the instrument. Results showed students who completed the course were more likely to be retained than those who did not complete the course, had a slight increase in GPA by the end of the semester, and high-hope students showed the greatest overall gain in GPAs.