Table 2: Student demographic data and behaviour in the Human Pharmacology courses (obtained in phase 1).

VariableControl
= 55 (%)
Intervention
= 43 (%)
Statistic, value

Gender
 Female ( = 62)37 (67)25 (58) = 0.35
 Male ( = 36)18 (33)18 (42)
GPAa
 (Mean, SD)5.4 ± 0.585.3 ± 0.62 = 0.41
English as first language
 Yes ( = 70)39 (71)31 (72) = 0.9
 No ( = 28)16 (29)12 (28)
Studied notes prior to lecture
 Yes ( = 14)6 (13)8 (18) = 0.3
 No ( = 83)48 (87)35 (82)
Difficulty to follow topics that cover drug MOAb
 Easy ( = 32)17 (31)15 (35)
 Neutral ( = 36)21 (39)15 (35) = 0.9 
 Difficult ( = 29)16 (30)13 (30)
Attend pharmacology lectures
 Rarely ( = 12)9 (17)3 (7) = 0.21
 Frequently ( = 33)20 (36)13 (30)
 Always ( = 53)26 (47)27 (63)

This table includes statistical comparisons of demographic data and student behaviour towards Human Pharmacology courses. No statistical significant difference was observed in any comparison. GPA: grade point average; GPA scale in Australia ranges from 0 to 7, with 7 as a high distinction and 4 as the pass grade; bmechanism of action.