Table 4: Student level of understanding in semester one exams.

VariableControl
= 53
Intervention
= 25
Statistic, value

Factual + procedural knowledge and remember + understand
Q1 (2011) versus (2012)2.6 ± 0.633.0 ± 0.64 = 0.03

Factual knowledge and understand + analyse
Q3 (2011) versus Q8 (2012) 3.2 ± 0.853.0 ± 0.79 = 0.26

Factual + conceptual knowledge and understand
Q4 (2011) versus Q7 (2012)1.9 ± 1.132.1 ± 0.83 = 0.36

Factual + conceptual knowledge and understand + analyse (reference question, no e-tool)
Q5 (2011) versus Q10 (2012)3.2 ± 0.672.9 ± 0.64 = 0.06

Factual + procedural knowledge and understand + analyse
Digoxin 2011 versus 20123.5 ± 0.613.8 ± 0.72 = 0.059
Q12 (2011) versus Q5 (2012)2.4 ± 1.152.8 ± 1.05 = 0.21
LAQ# (2011) versus (2012)3.9 ± 1.114.0 ± 0.88 = 0.95

Total performance2.9 ± 0.523.0 ± 0.5 = 0.32

This table includes statistical comparisons of mean ± SD of student level of understanding as measured by SOLO taxonomy in the Human Pharmacology I course between the control and intervention groups. Scoring ranges between 2 (unistructural level) and 4 (relational level). #LAQ: long answer questions.