Table 3: Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios for hormonal or intrauterine contraceptive use at last intercourse among 289 HIV-infected women.

Variable ()% using modern family planningUnadjusted PR (95% CI)Adjusted PR (95% CI) value

Age (, continuous)N/A0.98 (0.96–1.01)0.96 (0.94–0.98)0.001

Education ()0.301
 Completed primary school or less 50 (35.5)
 Completed some secondary school or more65 (43.9)1.24 (0.93–1.65)1.16 (0.87–1.55)

Religion ()0.385
 Not Catholic (Protestant/Muslim/none)89 (38.9)
 Catholic26 (43.3)1.11 (0.80–1.55)1.10 (0.81–1.48)

Number of children ()0.385
 0–261 (37.9)
 3 or more54 (42.2)1.11 (0.84–1.48)1.15 (0.84–1.55)

History of unplanned pregnancy ()0.643
 No61 (41.8)
 Yes54 (37.8)0.90 (0.68–1.20)0.94 (0.71–1.24)

Wants pregnancy in next 2 years ()<0.001
 No96 (47.5)
 Yes19 (21.8)0.46 (0.30–0.70)0.47 (0.31–0.72)

Length of time since HIV diagnosis ()0.528
 ≤5 years54 (40.0)
 >5 years60 (39.7)0.99 (0.75–1.32)0.91 (0.69–1.21)

On antiretroviral therapy ()0.498
 No13 (39.4)
 Yes102 (39.8)1.01 (0.64–1.59)0.87 (0.58–1.30)

HIV status of most recent partner ()0.595
 Negative22 (39.3)
 Positive/do not know93 (40.1)1.02 (0.71–1.47)0.92 (0.66–1.26)

Length of time with most recent partner ()0.037
 ≤4 years28 (30.4)
 >4 years85 (45.0)1.48 (1.04–2.09)1.46 (1.02–2.09)

Who makes decisions about family planning ()0.001
 Female only89 (47.1)1.81 (1.26–2.61)1.91 (1.32–2.77)
 Male only/both female and male26 (26.0)

Unadjusted results from modified Poisson regression models.
Adjusted results from modified Poisson regression model ( observations with nonmissing values on all independent variables), adjusting for all other variables in Table 3.
value from Poisson regression model adjusting for all variables in Table 3.
Statistically significant with .