Table 1: Pre- and posttest open responses.

How could engineering education be improved?PretestPosttest
66 students responded*60 students responded*

(1) More hands-on experiences17 (26%)18 (30%)
(2) More practical/authentic/realistic experiences13 (20%)8 (13%)
(3) More experience with what is done in industry including the technology and equipment currently used in industry10 (15%)4 (7%)
(4) Required internships/more internships7 (11%)11 (18%)
(5) More group/interactive experiences4 (6%)2 (3%)
(6) More electives offered earlier2 (3%)7 (12%)
(7) More tours of/field trips to engineering companies and facilities1 (2%)3 (5%)

that some students wrote multipart responses that were classified in more than one category.