Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 317509, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/317509
Research Article

Surface Hardness of Resin Cement Polymerized under Different Ceramic Materials

1Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand
2Esthetic Restorative and Implant Dentistry Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University, Henri-Dunant Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Received 3 November 2011; Revised 26 December 2011; Accepted 17 January 2012

Academic Editor: J. Anthony Von Fraunhofer

Copyright © 2012 Pimmada Kesrak and Chalermpol Leevailoj. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. J. Conrad, W. J. Seong, and I. J. Pesun, “Current ceramic materials and systems with clinical recommendations: a systematic review,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 389–404, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. K. A. Malament and S. S. Socransky, “Survival of Dicor glass-ceramic dental restorations over 16 years—part III: effect of luting agent and tooth or tooth-substitute core structure,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 511–519, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. C. Shen, “Dental cements,” in Phillips' Science of Dental Materials, K. J. Anusavice, Ed., Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 11th edition, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  4. W. F. Caughman, G. B. Caughman, R. A. Shiflett, F. Rueggeberg, and G. S. Schuster, “Correlation of cytotoxcity, filler loading and curing time of dental composites,” Biomaterials, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. A. Pires, E. Cvitko, G. E. Denehy, and E. J. Swift Jr., “Effects of curing tip distance on light intensity and composite resin microhardness,” Quintessence International, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 517–521, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Janda, J. F. Roulet, M. Kaminsky, G. Steffin, and M. Latta, “Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a function of the method of light activation,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 280–285, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. M. Goldberg, “In vitro and in vivo studies on the toxicity of dental resin components: a review,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. I. E. Ruyter and H. Oysaed, “Conversion in different depths of ultraviolet and visible light activated composite materials,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 179–192, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Nomoto, “Effect of light wavelength on polymerization of light-cured resins,” Dental Materials Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 60–73, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Taira, H. Urabe, T. Hirose, K. Wakasa, and M. Yamaki, “Analysis of photo-initiators in visible-light-cured dental composite resins,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 24–28, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Dietschi, N. Marret, and I. Krejci, “Comparative efficiency of plasma and halogen light sources on composite micro-hardness in different curing conditions,” Dental Materials, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 493–500, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. A. Rueggeberg, W. F. Caughman, and J. W. Curtis, “Effect of light intensity and exposure duration on cure of resin composite,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 26–32, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. U. Yap, “Effectiveness of polymerization in composite restoratives claiming bulk placement: impact of cavity depth and exposure time,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 113–120, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell, and K. D. Jandt, “High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials. Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties,” Biomaterials, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 2955–2963, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. L. Ferracane, “Correlation between hardness and degree of conversion during the setting reaction of unfilled dental restorative resins,” Dental Materials, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 11–14, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. L. Ferracane, P. Aday, H. Matsumoto, and V. A. Marker, “Relationship between shade and depth of cure for light-activated dental composite resins,” Dental Materials, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 80–84, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. A. Rueggeberg and R. G. Craig, “Correlation of parameters used to estimate monomer conversion in a light-cured composite,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 932–937, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. R. Moraes, W. C. Brandt, L. Z. Naves, L. Correr-Sobrinho, and E. Piva, “Light- and time-dependent polymerization of dual-cured resin luting agent beneath ceramic,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 257–261, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. F. H. Rasetto, C. F. Driscoll, and J. A. Von Fraunhofer, “Effect of light source and time on the polymerization of resin cement through ceramic veneers,” Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 133–139, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. C. Santos Jr., O. El-Mowafy, J. H. Rubo, and M. J. M. C. Santos, “Hardening of dual-cure resin cements and a resin composite restorative cured with QTH and LED curing units,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 323–328, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. A. Yearn, “Factors affecting cure of visible light activated composites,” International Dental Journal, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 218–225, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. F. McCabe and T. E. Carrick, “Output from visible-light activation units and depth of cure of light-activated composites,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 1534–1539, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. S. Fowler, M. L. Swartz, and B. K. Moore, “Efficacy testing of visible-light-curing units,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 47–52, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. “International Organization for Standardization ISO/TS 10650:1999. Dental equipment—powered polymerization activators,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1999.
  25. O. M. el-Mowafy, M. H. Rubo, and W. A. el-Badrawy, “Hardening of new resin cements cured through a ceramic inlay,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 38–44, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Jung, K. H. Friedl, K. A. Hiller, H. Furch, S. Bernhart, and G. Schmalz, “Polymerization efficiency of different photocuring units through ceramic discs,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 68–77, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. H. Rasetto, C. F. Driscoll, V. Prestipino, R. Masri, and J. A. Von Fraunhofer, “Light transmission through all-ceramic dental materials: a pilot study,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 441–446, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. F. H. B. Aguiar, A. Braceiro, D. A. N. L. Lima, G. M. B. Ambrosano, and J. R. Lovadino, “Effect of light curing modes and light curing time on the microhardness of a hybrid composite resin,” Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1–8, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. Rueggeberg, “Contemporary issues in photocuring,” Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, no. 25, supplement, pp. S4–S15, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  30. S. Uctasli, U. Hasanreisoglu, and H. J. Wilson, “The attenuation of radiation by porcelain and its effect on polymerization of resin cements,” Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 565–575, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. A. Borges, P. Agarwal, B. A. S. Miranzi, J. A. Platt, T. A. Valentino, and P. H. Santos, “Influence of different ceramics on resin cement Knoop Hardness Number,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 622–628, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  32. N. Hofmann, G. Papsthart, B. Hugo, and B. Klaiber, “Comparison of photo-activation versus chemical or dual-curing of resin-based luting cements regarding flexural strength, modulus and surface hardness,” Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1022–1028, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. B. T. Price, C. A. Felix, and P. Andreou, “Effects of resin composite composition and irradiation distance on the performance of curing lights,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 4465–4477, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus