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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 809248, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/809248
Clinical Study

Clinical Outcome Following Oral Potentially Malignant Disorder Treatment: A 100 Patient Cohort Study

1Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4BW, UK
2Pathology Department, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK

Received 11 February 2013; Revised 23 May 2013; Accepted 17 June 2013

Academic Editor: Camile S. Farah

Copyright © 2013 A. Diajil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Oral potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) are at risk of transforming to invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but controversy exists over their management and the precise role of interventional treatment. In this study, a cohort of 100 patients presenting with new, single oral dysplastic PMD lesions were followed for up to 10 years following laser excision. PMDs presented primarily as homogeneous leukoplakias on floor of mouth and ventrolateral tongue sites and showed mainly high-grade dysplasia following analysis of excision specimens. Sixty-two patients were disease-free at the time of the most recent followup, whilst 17 experienced same site PMD recurrence, 14 developed further PMDs at new sites, 5 underwent same site malignant transformation, and 2 developed SCC at new oral sites. Whilst laser excision is an effective therapeutic tool in PMD management, prolonged patient followup and active mucosal surveillance together with clear definitions of clinical outcomes are all essential prerequisites for successful interventional management. Multicentre, prospective, and randomised trials of PMD treatment intervention are urgently required to determine optimal management strategies.