Table 7: Comparisons of change in testicular size, sperm count, and total testosterone levels before and after surgery among the study group and control group.

VariableControl groupStudy groupP value

Total testosterone (ng/mL)Before 0.001**
After <0.001**
P value0.005**<0.001**

Testicular size (cc)Before8.76±1.92 0.119
After7.99±2.73 <0.001**
P value<0.001**<0.001**

Sperm count (millions/mL)Before 0.477
After <0.001**
P value0.683<0.001**

Δ is the difference.
Within group analysis by Student test (Paired).
Between group analysis by student test (Unpaired).