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International Journal of Genomics
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4832125, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4832125
Research Article

HuoXueJieDu Formula Alleviates Diabetic Retinopathy in Rats by Inhibiting SOCS3-STAT3 and TIMP1-A2M Pathways

1College of Basic Medicine, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education (Syndromes and Formulas), Key Laboratory of Beijing (Syndromes and Formulas), Beijing University of Chinese medicine, Beijing 100029, China
2School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
3Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
4Institute of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese medicine, Beijing 100029, China
5Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
6Department of Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jing Han; moc.361@5858gnijnah, Ruixin Zhu; nc.ude.ijgnot@uhzxr, and Wei Wang; moc.621@06962iewgnaw

Hongliang Wang and Wei Xing contributed equally to this work.

Received 30 March 2017; Revised 30 June 2017; Accepted 8 October 2017; Published 29 November 2017

Academic Editor: Guoxun Chen

Copyright © 2017 Hongliang Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

HuoXueJieDu (HXJD) formula exerts protective effects against diabetic retinopathy (DR) in rats, but its underlying mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, the diabetic rats were established using streptozocin. The administration of HXJD was initiated at 20 weeks after diabetes induction and continued for 12 weeks. Whole genome expression profiles in rat retinas were examined using microarray technology. Differential gene expression and pathway enrichment analysis were conducted on the microarray data, with validation through real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining. The results showed that 170 genes and several IPA canonical pathways related to inflammation, matrix metabolism, and phototransduction were regulated by HXJD. PCR validation of selected genes, including SOCS3, STAT3, TIMP1, and A2M, confirmed the gene expression changes influenced by HXJD. In addition, the immunohistochemical staining results suggested that critical members of the SOCS3-STAT3 pathway were also affected by HXJD. Taken together, these results indicated that SOCS3-STAT3 and TIMP1-A2M pathways might mediate the alleviation of HXJD activities in rats with diabetic retinopathy.