Table of Contents
International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 261349, 13 pages
Research Article

Analyzing the Effectiveness of Microlubrication Using a Vegetable Oil-Based Metal Working Fluid during End Milling AISI 1018 Steel

1Department of Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology, Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Millersville, PA 17551, USA
2Department of Engineering Technology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA
3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA

Received 8 November 2013; Revised 18 March 2014; Accepted 21 March 2014; Published 15 April 2014

Academic Editor: Gilles Dessein

Copyright © 2014 Vasim Shaikh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Microlubrication minimizes the exposure of metal working fluids to the machining operators leading to an economical, safer, and healthier workplace environment. In this study, a vegetable oil-based lubricant was used to conduct wear analysis and to analyze the effectiveness of microlubrication during end milling AISI 1018 steel. A solid carbide cutting tool with bright oxide finish was used with varying cutting speed and feed rate having a constant depth of cut. Abrasion was the dominant wear mechanism for all the cutting tools under consideration. Other than abrasion, sliding adhesive wear of the workpiece materials was also observed. The scanning electron microscope investigation of the used cutting tools revealed microfatigue cracks, welded microchips, and unusual built-up edges on the cutting tools flank and rake side. A full factorial experiment was conducted and regression models were generated for both the sides of tool flank wear. The study shows that with a proper selection of the cutting parameters it is possible to obtain higher tool life.