Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2013, Article ID 141298, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/141298
Research Article

Effect of Gamma-Irradiated Recycled Low-Density Polyethylene on the High- and Low-Temperature Properties of Bitumen

1Transportation Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
2Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Kyiv, Ukraine
3Department of Civil Engineering, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
4Institute of Nuclear Research of the NASU, Kyiv, Ukraine

Received 29 March 2013; Accepted 3 June 2013

Academic Editor: Gonzalo Martínez-Barrera

Copyright © 2013 Perviz Ahmedzade et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper describes polymer modification of bitumen with gamma-irradiated recycled (γ-) low-density polyethylene. The recycled low-density polyethylene () was obtained from greenhouse films exposed to sunlight at least one year. The surface of the was treated by gamma beam irradiation that provided formation of free radicals and some functional groups that may contribute to the creation of strong chemical bonds between polymer modifier and bitumen. Five different samples of bitumen/γ- compositions with the modifier content, wt. %: 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, were prepared. The effects of the γ- on original and aged bitumen were investigated by means of morphological, chemical, and physical testing program, including FTIR spectroscopy, conventional tests, rotational viscosity (RV), dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), and bending beam rheometer (BBR) tests. Superior performing asphalt pavements (Superpave) specifications were used to analyze mechanical test results as well as to determine the performance grades (PG) of the binders. Optimum usage of the γ- as modifier in bitumen were suggested after testing program. The results reveal the stiffening effect of the γ- on bitumen that provide enhanced temperature susceptibility and also promise better performance grades (PG) with γ- polymer modification.