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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2013, Article ID 890749, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/890749
Research Article

Study on Morphology, Rheology, and Mechanical Properties of Poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/CaCO3 Nanocomposites

College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002, China

Received 29 April 2013; Accepted 21 June 2013

Academic Editor: Giridhar Madras

Copyright © 2013 Jian Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

For preparing good performance polymer materials, poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/CaCO3 nanocomposites were prepared and their morphology, rheological behavior, mechanical properties, heat distortion, and crystallization behaviors were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, capillary rheometer, universal testing machine, impact tester, heat distortion temperature tester, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. The results suggest that the nano-CaCO3 particles are dispersed uniformly in the polymer matrix. PTT/CaCO3 nanocomposites are pseudoplastic fluids, and the CaCO3 nanoparticles serve as a lubricant by decreasing the apparent viscosity of the nanocomposites; however, both the apparent viscosity and the pseudoplasticity of the nanocomposites increase with increasing CaCO3 contents. The nanoparticles also have nucleation effects on PTT’s crystallization by increasing the crystallization rate and temperature; however, excessive nanoparticles will depress this effect because of the agglomeration of the particles. The mechanical properties suggest that the CaCO3 nanoparticles have good effects on improving the impact strength and tensile strength with proper content of fillers. The nanofillers can greatly increase the heat distortion property of the nanocomposites.