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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 1, Issue 3-4, Pages 225-235

Effects of Hydrostatic Pocket Shape on the Flow Pattern and Pressure Distribution

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325, USA

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The flow in a hydrostatic pocket is numerically simulated using a dimensionless formulation of the 2-D Navier-Stokes equations written in primitive variables, for a body fitted coordinates system, and applied through a collocated grid. In essence, we continue the work of Braun et al. 1993a, 1993b] and extend it to the study of the effects of the pocket geometric format on the flow pattern and pressure distribution. The model includes the coupling between the pocket flow and a finite length feedline flow, on one hand, and the pocket and its adjacent lands on the other hand. In this context we shall present, on a comparative basis, the flow and the pressure patterns at the runner surface for square, ramped-Rayleigh step, and arc of circle pockets. Geometrically all pockets have the same footprint, same lands length, and same capillary feedline. The numerical simulation uses the Reynolds number based on the lid(runner) velocity and the inlet jet strength F as the dynamic similarity parameters. The study aims at establishing criteria for the optimization of the pocket geometry in the larger context of the performance of a hydrostatic bearing.