International Journal of Rotating Machinery

International Journal of Rotating Machinery / 1997 / Article

Open Access

Volume 3 |Article ID 426072 |

C. Arcoumanis, R. F. Martinez-Botas, J. M. Nouri, C. C. Su, "Performance and Exit Flow Characteristics of Mixed-Flow Turbines", International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 3, Article ID 426072, 17 pages, 1997.

Performance and Exit Flow Characteristics of Mixed-Flow Turbines

Received22 Jan 1997
Revised06 Mar 1997


The performance and exit flow characteristics of two mixed-flow turbines have been investigated under steady-state conditions. The two rotors differ mainly in their inlet angle geometry, one has a nominal constant incidence (rotor B) and the other has a constant blade angle (rotor C), but also in the number of blades. The results showed that the overall peak efficiency of rotor C is higher than that of rotor B. Two different volutes were also used for the tests, differing in their cross-sectional area, which confirm that the new larger area volute turbine has a higher efficiency than the old one, particularly at lower speeds, and a fairly uniform variation with velocity ratio.The flow exiting the blades has been quantified by laser Doppler velocimetry. A difference in the exit flow velocity for rotors B and C with the new volute was observed which is expected given their variation in geometry and performance. The tangential velocities near the shroud resemble a forced vortex flow structure, while a uniform tangential velocity component was measured near the hub. The exit flow angles for both rotor cases decreased rapidly from the shroud to a minimum value in the annular core region before increasing gradually towards the hub. In addition, the exit flow angles with both rotors were reduced with increasing rotational speeds. The magnitude of the absolute flow angle was reduced in the case of rotor C, which may explain the improved steady state performance with this rotor. The results also revealed a correlation between the exit flow angle and the performance of the turbines; a reduction in flow angle resulted in an increase in the overall turbine efficiency.

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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