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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 3 (1997), Issue 1, Pages 61-71

Internal Damper Characteristics of Rotor System with Submerged ER Fluid Journal Bearing

1Lab. for Manufacturing and Productivity, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, MA, USA
2Dept. of Mechanical Engineering & Mechanics, and Aeronautical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy 12180-3590, NY, USA

Received 22 April 1996; Revised 22 April 1996

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Electro-Rheological (ER) fluid behavior is similar to Bingham fluid’ s. Only when the shear stress magnitude of ER fluid exceeds the yield stress, Newtonian flow results. Continuous shear strain rate equation about shear stress which simulates Bingham-like fluid shows viscosity variations. Shear yield stress is controlled by electric fields. Electric fields in circumferential direction around the journal are also changeable because of gap distance. These values make changes of spring and damping coefficients of journal bearings compared to Newtonian flow case. Implicit viscosity variation effects according to shear strain rates of fluid are included in generalized Reynolds' equation for submerged journal bearing. Fluid film pressure and perturbation pressures are solved using switch function of Elord's algorithm for cavitation boundary condition. Spring and damping coefficients are obtained for several parameters that determine the characteristics of ER fluids under a certain electric field. From these values stability region for simple rotor-bearing system is computed. It is found that there are no big differences in load capacities with the selected electric field parameters at low eccentric region and higher electric field can support more load with stability at low eccentric region.