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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 217-231
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1023621X98000189

Experimental Investigation of Rotor-Stator Interaction in Axial-Flow Turbines and Compressors

Institut für Strahlantriebe und Turboarbeitsmaschinen, RWTH Aachen (Aachen University of Technology), Aachen 52062, Germany

Received 3 April 1997; Revised 10 July 1997

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Detailed results of unsteady flow measurements in a stator-rotor-stator assembly of an axial-flow turbine as well as an inlet guide vane-rotor-stator formation of an axial-flow compressor are presented in this paper.

The measurements include the time-dependent 3-D velocity vector fields in the axial gaps between the blade rows by means of triple-hot wire-technique, furthermore the total pressure field downstream of the blade rows by means of semiconductor total pressure probes and the unsteady flow field determination in the rotor passages by LDV-technique. Special semiconductor pressure measurements along the casing all over the rotor tip clearance permit detailed discussion of the rotor tip clearance flows.

The conclusion of the measured data provides a new and very instructive view of the physics of the unsteady blade-row interaction in axial-flow turbines and compressors.