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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 6 (2000), Issue 4, Pages 245-252

Numerical Calculation of Secondary Flow in Pump Volute and Circular Casings using 3D Viscous Flow Techniques

1Dr.-Ing., Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen, Technische Universität Berlin, Carnotstrasse. 1 a, Berlin D-10587, Germany
2Prof Dr.-Ing., Institut für Hydraulische Strömungsmaschinen und Strömungstechnik Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, Berlin D-10623, Germany

Revised 17 September 1998

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The flow field in volute and circular casings interacting with a centrifugal impeller is obtained by numerical analysis. In the present study, effects of the volute and circular casings on the flow pattern have been investigated by successively combining a volute casing and a circular casing with a single centrifugal impeller. The numerical calculations are carried out with a multiple frame of reference to predict the flow field inside the entire impeller and casings. The impeller flow field is solved in a rotating frame and the flow field in the casings in a stationary frame. The static pressure and velocity in the casing and impeller, and the static pressures and secondary velocity vectors at several cross-sectional planes of the casings are calculated. The calculations show that the curvature of the casings creates pressure gradients that cause vortices at cross-sectional planes of the casings.