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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 345-354
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1023621X04000351

Adiabatic Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficient of Shaped Film Cooling Holes on a Scaled Guide Vane Pressure Side Model

1Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Karlsruhe, Germany
2Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe 76128, Germany

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The demand of improved thermal efficiency and high power output of modern gas turbine engines leads to extremely high turbine inlet temperature and pressure ratios. Sophisticated cooling schemes including film cooling are widely used to protect the vanes and blades of the first stages from failure and to achieve high component lifetimes. In film cooling applications, injection from discrete holes is commonly used to generate a coolant film on the blade's surface.

In the present experimental study, the film cooling performance in terms of the adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and the heat transfer coefficient of two different injection configurations are investigated. Measurements have been made using a single row of fanshaped holes and a double row of cylindrical holes in staggered arrangement. A scaled test model was designed in order to simulate a realistic distribution of Reynolds number and acceleration parameter along the pressure side surface of an actual turbine guide vane. An infrared thermography measurement system is used to determine highly resolved distribution of the models surface temperature. An in-situ calibration procedure is applied using single embedded thermocouples inside the measuring plate in order to acquire accurate local temperature data.

All holes are inclined 35° with respect to the model's surface and are oriented in a streamwise direction with no compound angle applied. During the measurements, the influence of blowing ratio and mainstream turbulence level on the adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient is investigated for both of the injection configurations.