D. V. Ratna Rao, Chakka Sarat Babu, S. V. Prabhu, "Effect of Turn Region Treatments on the Pressure Loss Distribution in a Smooth Square Channel with Sharp 180° Bend", International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 10, Article ID 762502, 10 pages, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1155/S1023621X04000454
Effect of Turn Region Treatments on the Pressure Loss Distribution in a Smooth Square Channel with Sharp 180° Bend
An experimental investigation is carried out to study the effect of several turn treatments like single guide vane (short and long) and multiple guide vanes on the pressure drop distribution in a square cross-sectioned smooth channel with a sharp 180° bend. The sharp 180° turn is obtained by dividing a rectangular passage into two square channels using a divider wall with a rounded tip at the location where the flow negotiates the turn. The study is carried out for a divider wall thickness to hydraulic diameter of 0.2 for Reynolds numbers of 13,500 and 17,000. The pressure drop distribution normalized with the mainstream fluid dynamic pressure head is presented for the outer surfaces. The results indicate that the shape and position of the guide vanes significantly affect the pressure losses associated with coolant flows through a sharp 180° bend. Properly shaped 180° vanes located in the center of the bend decrease the overall pressure drop by as much as 40–45% compared to the no guide vane within the bend.
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