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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 10 (2004), Issue 6, Pages 459-468

Effect of Turn Region Treatments on the Pressure Loss Distribution in a Smooth Square Channel with Sharp 180° Bend

1Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Powai–400076, India

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An experimental investigation is carried out to study the effect of several turn treatments like single guide vane (short and long) and multiple guide vanes on the pressure drop distribution in a square cross-sectioned smooth channel with a sharp 180° bend. The sharp 180° turn is obtained by dividing a rectangular passage into two square channels using a divider wall with a rounded tip at the location where the flow negotiates the turn. The study is carried out for a divider wall thickness to hydraulic diameter (W/D) of 0.2 for Reynolds numbers of 13,500 and 17,000. The pressure drop distribution normalized with the mainstream fluid dynamic pressure head is presented for the outer surfaces. The results indicate that the shape and position of the guide vanes significantly affect the pressure losses associated with coolant flows through a sharp 180° bend. Properly shaped 180° vanes located in the center of the bend decrease the overall pressure drop by as much as 40–45% compared to the no guide vane within the bend.