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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 749047, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/749047
Research Article

Changes in Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Transcript Levels of Related Genes in Limonium sinense Kuntze Seedlings under NaCl Stress

Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular & Developmental Biology, College of Life Sciences, Yantai University, Yantai, Shandong 264005, China

Received 11 April 2014; Accepted 9 June 2014; Published 19 June 2014

Academic Editor: Wang Zhenhua

Copyright © 2014 Xia Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The halophyte Limonium sinense Kuntze is used in traditional Chinese medicine for clearing heat and for detoxification. To examine the detoxification and salt-tolerance mechanisms of this plant, we analyzed antioxidant enzyme activities and transcript levels of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes in L. sinense seedlings under salt stress (500 mmol/L NaCl). Catalase showed the largest increase in activity, peaking on day 4 of the 7-day NaCl treatment. Peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities also increased, peaking on days 2 and 3 of the NaCl treatment, respectively. The activities of antioxidant enzymes decreased as the duration of the NaCl treatment extended. The transcript levels of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes were upregulated under NaCl stress. The peak in the LsCAT transcript level was earlier than the peaks in LsAPX and LsGPX transcript levels. The malondialdehyde content only slightly increased in L. sinense seedlings under NaCl stress. This was indicative of a low level of lipid peroxidation, consistent with the increased antioxidant enzyme activities and gene transcript levels. These results show that, under NaCl stress, the antioxidant system of L. sinense is activated and effectively scavenges reactive oxygen species. This reduces oxidative damage and allows the plant to maintain growth under NaCl stress.