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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 790902, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/790902
Research Article

Hyperglycemia Induces Toll-Like Receptor-2 and -4 Expression and Activity in Human Microvascular Retinal Endothelial Cells: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy

1Laboratory for Atherosclerosis and Metabolic Research, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Pathology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Research Building 1, Room 3000, 4635 Second Avenue, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
2Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Mather, CA 95655, USA

Received 31 October 2014; Accepted 10 December 2014; Published 31 December 2014

Academic Editor: Subrata Chakrabarti

Copyright © 2014 Uthra Rajamani and Ishwarlal Jialal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Uthra Rajamani and Ishwarlal Jialal, “Hyperglycemia Induces Toll-Like Receptor-2 and -4 Expression and Activity in Human Microvascular Retinal Endothelial Cells: Implications for Diabetic Retinopathy,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2014, Article ID 790902, 15 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/790902