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Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 537327, 16 pages
Research Article

A State-Based Modeling Approach for Efficient Performance Evaluation of Embedded System Architectures at Transaction Level

IREENA, EA1770, Université de Nantes, Polytech-Nantes, rue C. Pauc, Bât. IRESTE, BP 50609, 44000 Nantes, France

Received 29 June 2011; Revised 7 October 2011; Accepted 20 November 2011

Academic Editor: Philippe Coussy

Copyright © 2012 Anthony Barreteau et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract models are necessary to assist system architects in the evaluation process of hardware/software architectures and to cope with the still increasing complexity of embedded systems. Efficient methods are required to create reliable models of system architectures and to allow early performance evaluation and fast exploration of the design space. In this paper, we present a specific transaction level modeling approach for performance evaluation of hardware/software architectures. This approach relies on a generic execution model that exhibits light modeling effort. Created models are used to evaluate by simulation expected processing and memory resources according to various architectures. The proposed execution model relies on a specific computation method defined to improve the simulation speed of transaction level models. The benefits of the proposed approach are highlighted through two case studies. The first case study is a didactic example illustrating the modeling approach. In this example, a simulation speed-up by a factor of 7,62 is achieved by using the proposed computation method. The second case study concerns the analysis of a communication receiver supporting part of the physical layer of the LTE protocol. In this case study, architecture exploration is led in order to improve the allocation of processing functions.