Table of Contents
Journal of Food Processing
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 472129, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/472129
Research Article

Effects of Processing (Boiling and Roasting) on the Nutritional and Antinutritional Properties of Bambara Groundnuts (Vigna subterranea [L.] Verdc.) from Southern Kaduna, Nigeria

1Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 810001, Kaduna, Nigeria
2Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (NILEST), Zaria 810001, Kaduna, Nigeria

Received 14 May 2014; Accepted 23 August 2014; Published 25 September 2014

Academic Editor: Raquel P. Guiné

Copyright © 2014 Uche Samuel Ndidi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This research analyzed the effect of processing (boiling and roasting) on the proximate, antinutrient, and mineral composition of Vigna subterranea seeds. The proximate composition analysis showed significant difference () between the levels of crude lipid, crude fiber, gross energy, carbohydrate, and moisture content in the raw and processed V. subterranea. However, no significant difference () was observed in protein content of processed V. subterranea as compared to the raw seeds. Analyses of antinutrient composition show that processing significantly reduced the levels of oxalate, tannins, phytate, trypsin inhibitor, and hydrogen cyanide contents of V. subterranea. While magnesium, potassium, and phosphorus were the most abundant macrominerals in V. subterranea, zinc was the most abundant micromineral. Correlation analysis revealed that the levels of crude protein, ash, moisture, and lipid were negatively affected by phytate, tannins, and oxalate. The results, therefore, suggest that processing significantly lowered the levels of antinutrients in V. subterranea, thereby making it safer for consumption.