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Developmental Immunology
Volume 6, Issue 3-4, Pages 285-294

Tinigible Body Macrophages in Regulation of Germinal Center Reactions

1Department of Anatomy, Division of Immunobiology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, USA
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, USA
3Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, ECU School of Medicine, Brody Building, 7N-94, Greenville, NC 27858, USA

Received 2 November 1996; Accepted 3 June 1997

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Tingible body macrophages (TBM), long thought simply as scavengers of apoptotic lymphocytes, are located in the unique microenvironment of germinal centers in close proximity to antigen-retaining follicular dendritic cells (FDC). Observations that TBM endocytose FDC-iccosomal (immune-complex coated bodies) antigen suggested that TBM might present this antigen and help regulate the germinal center reaction. To test for antigen presentation, the ovalbumin (OVA)-specific TH hybridoma, 3DO-54.8, which produces IL-2 on receiving effective presentation of OVA, were used as responders to OVA-bearing TBM. Results showed that OVA-bearing TBM failed to induce IL-2 production. Furthermore, addition of TBM to IL- 2-inducing positive controls (B cells) not only failed to augment IL-2 production, but rather TBM significantly (55-90%) reduced B-cell induction of IL-2. We found that TBM were rich in prostaglandin by comparison with other nongerminal center lymph node macrophages and that addition of indomethacin to the cultures reversed the inhibitory effect of TBM. Depletion of TBM from enriched preparations, prior to addition to positive control cultures, also abrogated the inhibitory effect on IL-2 production. These data support the concept that TBM, within the unique microenvironment of germinal centers, may be specialized to downregulate the germinal center reaction.