Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 928230, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/928230
Research Article

PtRu/C Electrocatalysts Prepared Using Gamma and Electron Beam Irradiation for Methanol Electrooxidation

Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, IPEN/CNEN, Cidade Universitária, Avenue Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242, 05508-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 18 October 2011; Revised 1 February 2012; Accepted 7 February 2012

Academic Editor: Mauro Coelho dos Santos

Copyright © 2012 Dionisio F. Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Wendt, E. V. Spinacé, A. Oliveira Neto, and M. Linardi, “Electrocatalysis and electrocatalysts for low temperature fuel cells: fundamentals, state of the art, research and development,” Quimica Nova, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1066–1075, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. Schlapbach and A. Züttel, “Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6861, pp. 353–358, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Carrete, K. A. Friedrich, and U. Stimming, “Fuel cells: principles, types, fuels, and applications,” Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry, vol. 1, p. 162, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Liu, C. Song, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “A review of anode catalysis in the direct methanol fuel cell,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 95–110, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Lamy, A. Lima, V. LeRhun, F. Delime, C. Coutanceau, and J. M. Léger, “Recent advances in the development of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFC),” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 283–296, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Le Gratiet, H. Remita, G. Picq, and M. O. Delcourt, “CO-stabilized supported Pt catalysts for fuel cells: radiolytic synthesis,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 36–43, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S.-D. Oh, K. R. Yoon, S.-H. Choi et al., “Dispersion of Pt-Ru alloys onto various carbons using γ-irradiation,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 352, no. 4, pp. 355–360, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. H. Wang, X. Sun, Y. Ye, and S. Qiu, “Radiation induced synthesis of Pt nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 839–842, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. D. F. Silva, A. O. Neto, E. S. Pino, M. Linardi, and E. V. Spinacé, “PtRu/C electrocatalysts prepared using γ-irradiation,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 303–307, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. S. Chai, B. Fang, and J.-S. Yu, “γ-Ray irradiation as highly efficient approach for synthesis of supported high Pt loading cathode catalyst for application in direct methanol fuel cell,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1801–1804, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. E. V. Spinacé, A. O. Neto, M. Linardi, D. F. Silva, E. S. Pino, and V. A. Cruz, Patent BR200505416, 2005.
  12. V. Radmilovic, H. A. Gasteiger, and P. N. Ross, “Structure and chemical composition of a supported Pt-Ru electrocatalyst for methanol oxidation,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 98–106, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Oliveira Neto, M. J. Giz, J. Perez, E. A. Ticianelli, and E. R. Gonzalez, “The electro-oxidation of ethanol on Pt-Ru and Pt-Mo particles supported on high-surface-area carbon,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 149, no. 3, pp. A272–A279, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Belloni, M. Mostafavi, H. Remita, J. L. Marignier, and M. O. Delcourt, “Radiation-induced synthesis of mono- and multi-metallic clusters and nanocolloids,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 1239–1255, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. G. Julsing and R. I. McCrindle, “Colorimetric method for the determination of residual Pt in treated acidic effluents,” South African Journal of Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 86–89, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Powder Diffraction File: 01-087-0646, vol. PDF-2, Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards, International Center for Diffraction Data, Newtown Square, Pa, USA, 2010.
  17. G. A. Camara, R. B. de Lima, and T. Iwasita, “Catalysis of ethanol electrooxidation by PtRu: the influence of catalyst composition,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 812–815, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. P. R. Profeti, F. C. Simões, P. Olivi et al., “Application of Pt + RuO2 catalysts prepared by thermal decomposition of polymeric precursors to DMFC,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 158, no. 2, pp. 1195–1201, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Iwasita, “Electrocatalysis of methanol oxidation,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 47, no. 22-23, pp. 3663–3674, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. F. Maillard, F. Gloaguen, and J. M. Leger, “Preparation of methanol oxidation electrocatalysts: ruthenium deposition on carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. V. Spinacé, A. O. Neto, and M. Linardi, “Electro-oxidation of methanol and ethanol using PtRu/C electrocatalysts prepared by spontaneous deposition of platinum on carbon-supported ruthenium nanoparticles,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 121–126, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus