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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 692562, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/692562
Review Article

A Review on the Low-Dimensional and Hybridized Nanostructured Diamond Films

State Key Lab of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China

Received 30 April 2015; Accepted 1 July 2015

Academic Editor: Jose Alvarez

Copyright © 2015 Hongdong Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the last decade, besides the breakthrough of high-rate growth of chemical vapor deposited single-crystal diamonds, numerous nanostructured diamond films have been rapidly developed in the research fields of the diamond-based sciences and industrial applications. The low-dimensional diamonds of two-dimensional atomic-thick nanofilms and nanostructural diamond on the surface of bulk diamond films have been theoretically and experimentally investigated. In addition, the diamond-related hybrid nanostructures of n-type oxide/p-type diamond and n-type nitride/p-type diamond, having high performance physical and chemical properties, are proposed for further applications. In this review, we first briefly introduce the three categories of diamond nanostructures and then outline the current advances in these topics, including their design, fabrication, characterization, and properties. Finally, we address the remaining challenges in the research field and the future activities.