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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 758132, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/758132
Research Article

Toxicity of Nanoparticles against Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae)

1Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
2Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt 19117, Jordan
3Royal Scientific Society, El Hassan Science City, P.O. Box 1438, Amman 11941, Jordan

Received 23 September 2014; Accepted 16 February 2015

Academic Editor: Wei-Chun Chin

Copyright © 2015 Salah-Eddin A. Araj et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In recent years, nanotechnology has become one of the most promising new approaches for pest control. In our screening program, laboratory trials were conducted to determine the effectiveness of five sources of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and sulfur nanoparticles (S NPs) on larval, pupal, and adults of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Nanoparticles of silver and sulfur were synthesized through reducing, stabilizing, and capping plant leaf extracts method and different concentrations (10, 50, 100, 200 ppm) were tested on D. melanogaster. Results showed that silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were highly effective on larvae, pupae, and adults’ mortality and egg deterrence. On the contrary, none of the tested nanoparticles has a significant effect on pupae longevity. The results also showed that silver nanoparticles can be used as a valuable tool in pest management programs of D. melanogaster.