Putative Factors That May Modulate the Effect of Exercise on Liver Fat: Insights from Animal Studies
Factors that may affect changes in liver fat in response to exercise training in animals. Exercise-induced changes in intrahepatic triglyceride content (Δ-IHTG) are shown for: (a) animals fed high fat or standard chow (low fat) diets; (b) animals that experienced weight loss (or attenuated weight gain) or not; (c) male or female animals; (d) fasted or fed animals; (e) animals trained for longer or shorter periods of time; (f) animals examined within one day from the last bout of exercise or later during recovery. Box plots have been constructed using average changes in liver fat (% difference relative to sedentary controls) for each group of animals in the studies depicted in Table 1, and illustrate median, first, and third quartiles, minimum and maximum values, as well as potential positive and negative outliers.
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