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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 379215, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/379215
Review Article

A Review of Different Behavior Modification Strategies Designed to Reduce Sedentary Screen Behaviors in Children

1Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies, University of Tennessee, 1914 Andy Holt Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
2Obesity Research Center, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
3Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA

Received 15 February 2011; Revised 24 May 2011; Accepted 26 May 2011

Academic Editor: Susan B. Sisson

Copyright © 2012 Jeremy A. Steeves et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Previous research suggests that reducing sedentary screen behaviors may be a strategy for preventing and treating obesity in children. This systematic review describes strategies used in interventions designed to either solely target sedentary screen behaviors or multiple health behaviors, including sedentary screen behaviors. Eighteen studies were included in this paper; eight targeting sedentary screen behaviors only, and ten targeting multiple health behaviors. All studies used behavior modification strategies for reducing sedentary screen behaviors in children (aged 1–12 years). Nine studies only used behavior modification strategies, and nine studies supplemented behavior modification strategies with an electronic device to enhance sedentary screen behaviors reductions. Many interventions (50%) significantly reduced sedentary screen behaviors; however the magnitude of the significant reductions varied greatly (−0.44 to −3.1 h/day) and may have been influenced by the primary focus of the intervention, number of behavior modification strategies used, and other tools used to limit sedentary screen behaviors.