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Journal of Osteoporosis
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 536735, 14 pages
Review Article

Similarities in Acquired Factors Related to Postmenopausal Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia

1Department of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Hand Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2Bone and Cartilage Research Unit (BCRU), University of Eastern Finland, 70211 Kuopio, Finland

Received 27 April 2011; Revised 29 June 2011; Accepted 1 July 2011

Academic Editor: Jun Iwamoto

Copyright © 2011 Joonas Sirola and Heikki Kröger. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Postmenopausal population is at increased risk of musculoskeletal impairments. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are associated with significant morbidity and social and health-care costs. These two conditions are uniquely linked with similarities in pathophysiology and diagnostic methods. Uniform diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia are still evolving. Postmenopausal sarcopenia and osteoporosis share many environmental risk- and preventive factors. Moreover, geriatric frailty syndrome may result from interaction of osteoporosis and sarcopenia and may lead to increased mortality. The present paper reviews the factors in evolution of postmenopausal sarcopenia and osteoporosis.