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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2015, Article ID 724628, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/724628
Research Article

Bicriteria Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks: Link Scheduling and Energy Consumption

1Key Laboratory of Medical Image Computing of Ministry of Education, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2School of Information Science & Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China

Received 25 September 2014; Revised 22 January 2015; Accepted 20 February 2015

Academic Editor: Anand Paul

Copyright © 2015 Jian Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Link scheduling is important for reliable data communication in wireless sensor networks. Previous works mainly focus on how to find the minimum scheduling length but ignore the impact of energy consumption. In this paper, we integrate them together and solve them by multiobjective genetic algorithms. As a contribution, by jointly modeling the route selection and interference-free link scheduling problem, we give a systematical analysis on the relationship between link scheduling and energy consumption. Considering the specific many-to-one communication nature of WSNs, we propose a novel link scheduling scheme based on NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II). Our approach aims to search the optimal routing tree which satisfies the minimum scheduling length and energy consumption for wireless sensor networks. To achieve this goal, the solution representation based on the routing tree, the genetic operations including tree based recombination and mutation, and the fitness evaluation based on heuristic link scheduling algorithm are well designed. Extensive simulations demonstrate that our algorithm can quickly converge to the Pareto optimal solution between the two performance metrics.