Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2017, Article ID 4810258, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4810258
Review Article

Recent Advances: The Imbalance of Cytokines in the Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Institute of Pharmacology, Taishan Medical University, Tai’an, Shandong Province 271016, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qingdong Guan; moc.liamg@naugdq and Jiguo Zhang; nc.ude.cmst@gnahzgj

Received 25 October 2016; Accepted 22 February 2017; Published 21 March 2017

Academic Editor: Julio Galvez

Copyright © 2017 Qingdong Guan and Jiguo Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cytokines play an important role in the immunopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, where they drive and regulate multiple aspects of intestinal inflammation. The imbalance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines that occurs in IBD results in disease progression and tissue damage and limits the resolution of inflammation. Targeting cytokines have been novel strategies in the treatment of IBD. Recent studies show the beneficial effects of anticytokine treatments to IBD patients, and multiple novel cytokines are found to be involved in the pathogenesis of IBD. In this review, we will discuss the recent advances of novel biologics in clinics and clinical trials, and novel proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines found in IBD with focusing on IL-12 family and IL-1 family members as well as their relevance to the potential therapy of IBD.