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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 607652, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/607652
Research Article

Study of the Effects of Alcohol on Drivers and Driving Performance on Straight Road

Key Lab of Traffic Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 26 November 2013; Revised 14 January 2014; Accepted 16 January 2014; Published 23 February 2014

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2014 Xiaohua Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Drinking driving is responsible for a high proportion of traffic accidents. To study the effects of alcohol on drivers and driving performance, 25 drivers’ subjective feelings and driving performance data in different blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) levels were collected with simulated driving experiment. The investigation results revealed that alcohol affected drivers in many aspects, including attitude, judgment, vigilance, perception, reaction, and controlling. The analysis of accident rate showed that higher BAC level would lead to higher accident rate. The statistical analysis results of driving performance indicated that average speed, speed standard deviation, and lane position standard deviation were significantly higher under the influence of alcohol. They also had a statistically significant linear trend as the function of BAC level. The discrimination of drinking driving based on driving performance was performed with Fisher discrimination method. The results showed that drinking driving with higher BAC level was easier to discriminate from normal driving. Also, the results indicated that the three significant indicators on straight roadway could be used in the discrimination of drinking driving state. The conclusions can provide references for the study of drinking driving and the identification of driving state and then contribute to traffic safety.