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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 954295, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/954295
Research Article

Development of an Optimization Traffic Signal Cycle Length Model for Signalized Intersections in China

1Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban ITS, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou No. 2, Nanjing 210096, China
2School of Highway, Chang’an University, Middle of Nanerhuan Road, Xi’an 710064, China

Received 15 December 2014; Revised 4 March 2015; Accepted 13 March 2015

Academic Editor: Rafael Toledo-Moreo

Copyright © 2015 Yao Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The primary objective of this study is to develop an optimization traffic signal cycle length model for signalized intersections. Traffic data were collected from 50 signalized intersections in Xi’an city. Using comprehensive delay data, the optimization cycle length model is re-recalibrated to the Chinese traffic conditions based on the Webster delay model. The result showed that the optimization cycle length model takes vehicle delay time, pedestrian crossing time, and drivers’ anxiety into consideration. To evaluate the effects of the optimization cycle length model, three intersections were selected for a simulation. The delay time and queue length based on the optimization cycle length model and the TRRL model were compared. It was found that the delay times and queue lengths with the optimization cycle length model were significantly smaller than those with the TRRL model. The results suggested that the optimization traffic signal cycle length model was more optimal than the TRRL model.