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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2013, Article ID 374132, 11 pages
Research Article

Assessment of Ethical Ideals and Ethical Manners in Care of Older People

1Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland
2Novia University of Applied Sciences, Vaasa, Finland
3Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway
4Department of Caring Science, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland
5Helsinki Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Finland
6Department of Computing Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Received 11 December 2012; Accepted 1 February 2013

Academic Editor: Pirkko Routasalo

Copyright © 2013 Marianne Frilund et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study is to establish structured clusters and well-defined ontological entities (nodes) describing ethical values as both ideal and opportunity for ethical manner as perceived by the caregiver. In this study, we use Bayesian Belief Networks (BBNs) to analyse ethical values (ethos) and ethical manners in daily work with older people. Material is based on questionnaire data collected by the instrument for the self-assessment of individual ethos in the care of older people (ISAEC) in spring 2007 in a municipality in Western Finland. This study is unique in its kind, both concerning the selected approach and methodological questions. BBNs have not been used significantly in nursing research, nor are there any studies that examine the ethical possibilities with focus on the probable effects upon changing conditions.